Casanare is a department of Colombia. It is in the central eastern region of the country. Its capital is Yopal. It contains oil fields and an 800 km pipeline (oleoducto) leading to the coastal port of Coveñas owned by BP. At the North of the Department is located Casanare River; at the South Upia and Meta River; at the East Meta River; at the West Boyaca and Cundinamarca.
CASANARE has 19 municipalities among Agua Azul, Támara, Villanueva, etc.
In 1553 Alonso Herrera explored this territory.
The main activities in CASANARE are: agriculture, cattle farming and crude oil production.